Acne Treatment in Austin
At Sanova Dermatology of Austin, we offer a variety of treatment options to help you look and feel your healthiest, most confident self. From tried-and-true topical creams and oral medications to chemical peels and state-of-the-art laser treatments, our experienced dermatologists are here to help you find the acne treatment plan that works for you.
Overview of Acne Vulgaris
Acne vulgaris (also known as acne, pimples or zits) is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that results in whiteheads, blackheads, cysts and tender red bumps on the face, chest and back. Acne vulgaris is the most common skin condition in the United States, frequently found among those between the ages of 11 and 30, and is estimated to affect roughly 50 million Americans each year.
Acne is known to be caused by three core underlying issues:
- clogged pores
- bacterial overgrowth
- excessive oil production
These underlying issues may be sparked by a variety of contributing factors, including stress, cosmetics, genetics, improper hygiene and hormonal imbalances. Acne can be found anywhere on the skin and on anyone of any ethnicity.
Though acne can affect anyone at any age—including newborns, pre-adolescent children and adults of all ages—it disproportionately affects adolescents and young adults, a population that tends to suffer from hormonal fluctuation. According the American Academy of Dermatology Association, approximately 85 percent of people between the ages of 12 and 24 experience some form of acne.
Acne is neither dangerous nor life-threatening; however, if treated improperly it can spread to other pores (thus causing more pimples), and/or leave behind dark scars or pockmarks. Additionally, the blemishes may also cause a degree of emotional and psychological discomfort. Research has found that those with facial acne are at a greater risk of developing depression, anxiety and poor self-image.
Fortunately, there are a number of dermatological methods for effectively treating acne and improving the appearance of acne scars. Some of the most popular acne treatments include cleaners, topical creams, oral antibiotics, lasers, facials, chemical peels, and steroid injections.
If you have acne, it’s highly recommended that you consult with a dermatologist to have it professionally diagnosed and treated. Your dermatologist will assess the severity and type(s) of acne you have and determine which treatment option(s) best fit your condition, lifestyle, desired result.
Ready for clearer skin and a more confident you? Call Sanova Dermatology today to schedule your appointment with one of our board-certified dermatologists.
How to Get Rid of Acne
While acne is a common, chronic skin condition, the good news is that there are many forms of over-the-counter, prescription and in-office treatments available to combat pimples and give you the clearer, smoother complexion you desire.
At Sanova Dermatology Austin, we’re proud to offer a variety of treatments—from time-tested topical solutions to innovative laser treatments like Sebacia Microparticles—to help you reduce and eliminate even the most persistent acne.
Top over-the-counter acne treatments
Some mild cases of acne may not require prescription treatment and can be alleviated with the following nonprescription treatments:
- Benzoyl peroxide – applied topically as a cleanser, gel, cream or solution
- Retinol – applied topically as a cleanser, gel, cream or solution
- Salicylic acid – applied topically as a cleanser, gel, cream or solution
Top prescription acne medication
Depending on the type of acne you have, its persistence and severity, it’s likely your Austin dermatologist will recommend a prescription acne medication to help you get the most efficient, expedient results. The most common medications for treating acne include:
- Antibiotics – Taking oral antibiotics is one of the most rapid methods of acne at any stage (mild, moderate or severe). Commonly used antibiotics for treating acne include Tetracycline, erythromycin, minocycline and doxycycline.
- Benzoyl peroxide – Benzyol peroxide is a topical antiseptic that kills acne-causing bacteria and reduces flare-ups. It is commonly prescribed as a gel, cream or face wash.
- Isotretinoin – Isotretinoin is a prescription-grade medication used to treat the most severe or refractory cases of acne. Popular brand names on the market include: Absorbica®, Claravis®, and Myorisan®.
- Oral contraceptives (for women only) – Oral contraceptives treat acne by correcting the underlying hormone imbalances and fluctuations that lead to pimples. Oral contraceptives that are FDA-approved for acne include: Ortho Tri-Cyclen®, Estrostep® and YAZ®.
- Retinoids – Topical retinoids can be an effective method of treating comedonal acne. Tretinoin, tazarotene and adapalene are among the most frequently used retinoids for treating acne.
- Spironolactone (for women only) – Spironolactone is an oral medication that helps to alleviate acne by blocking testosterone and correcting the hormonal imbalances that cause pimples.
In-office acne treatments
In addition to any over-the-counter or prescription medications your Austin dermatologist may recommend, the following in-office treatments will help to speed up the healing process and improve the appearance of your skin.
- Chemical peels – Chemical peels are highly effective at purging the skin of excess oils and dead skin cells, healing past scarring and evening out the skin’s texture.
- Facial with extractions – A professional-grade facial will relax the skin and rid it of any dirt, bacteria and impurities that may be causing blockages and blemishes.
- Sebacia Microparticles – This ground-breaking acne treatment uses gold microparticles and localized laser technology to clear the skin of pimples.
- Steroid injections – Steroid injections can visibly reduce isolated acne lesions within 48 hours. Because this treatment may lead to skin thinning, it’s best used sparingly, such as before a special occasion.
Practicing a healthy lifestyle can be a helpful addition when combating acne. Components of a healthy lifestyle include but are not limited to:
- Proper skin care – for specific, actionable advice, ask your dermatologist to recommend a skincare regimen that is right for you.
- Quality sleep – Adequate, restorative sleep helps to decrease cortisol, lower stress and even out hormones. To prevent clogged pores, remember to sleep on clean pillowcases.
- Adequate hydration – Proper skin hydration has been shown to improve acne. For best results, it’s important to moisturize and consume at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water daily.
- Stress management – Managing stress decreases oil production, reducing the likelihood of breakouts.
“Stress triggers our adrenal gland to go into overdrive, stimulating hormones that can lead to more acne.” – Dr. Kellie E. Reed of Sanova Dermatology
Causes of Acne
Acne is a skin condition that manifests when one or more of the following is present: clogged pores, bacterial overgrowth and/or excessive oil production. These three underlying issues cause the sebaceous glands in the skin to become inflamed or infected, thus resulting in zits or acne lesions.
Factors that frequently contribute to clogged pores, bacterial overgrowth and excessive oil production include:
- improper hygiene
- hormonal imbalances
How to Prepare for Your Acne Consultation
Your dermatology appointment is the first step on your path to improving your acne and getting the clear, radiant skin you’ve always wanted. Here’s what to do to make sure you are prepared for your next appointment.
- Compile a list of questions to ask your dermatologist. You may want inquire about the type of acne you have, the length of your proposed treatment plan, and the timeframe you can expect before seeing results.
- Observe and track your acne flare ups. It’s likely your dermatologist will want to know how long you’ve had acne. If you’ve noticed that certain hormonal or lifestyle factors contribute to your acne, be sure to let your dermatologist know.
- Consider attending your appointment without makeup. This will make it easier for your dermatologist to assess the condition of your skin and determine the best course of treatment.
- Compile a list of acne treatments you’ve tried and all other medications and supplements you may be taking. This information will help your dermatologist more accurately assess which treatment(s) will be most suitable for both short-term and long-term results.
Contact Sanova Dermatology in Austin
For more information, or to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced dermatologists, please contact Sanova Dermatology Austin today.