Squamous Cell Carcinoma Risk Factors and Causes
As the second most commonly occurring skin cancer type, it’s important for you to know how to limit your risk factors for developing squamous cell carcinoma, or SCC. Characterized by scaly ulcers or lesions, SCC will most likely appear on the sun-exposed areas of the body, including the face (particularly sensitive locations like the eyelids, nostrils, and ears), forearms, and backs of the hands, although they may develop anywhere on the body. To better understand how and why this skin condition arises, our experienced dermatologist, Dr. Adam J. Mamelak, have provided a helpful resource on the typical risk factors and causes of SCC.
Excess sun exposure is the most significant and preventable cause of skin cancer, and utilizing sun protection, such as sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses, is considered to be one of best ways to ensure your skin stays as safe and healthy as possible. Indoor tanning, jobs that require working out of doors, leisure and recreational activities played outdoors, and a history of substantial sun exposure increase the risk of SCC development, up 2.5 times the normal rate with regard to tanning beds.
Sun exposure, however, is not the only risk factor. Fair-haired and skinned individuals with light colored eyes, including blue, green, and gray, have a higher risk of developing skin cancer, as do individuals who have been diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, in the past. Certain health conditions may also make you more vulnerable, such as immune disorders and UV-sensitive skin conditions. SCC may also arise from within an injury, such as a scar, burn, or sore. Unfortunately, genetic predisposition can lead to SCC as well, even in healthy tissue. As a result, it’s important for you to receive regular skin cancer screenings and schedule an appointment at Sanova Dermatology for examination immediately if you detect in changes in the skin or believe you may have SCC. Patients diagnosed with skin cancer will be provided with a number of treatment options, including specialized skin surgery at the Austin Mohs Surgery Center.
For more information about the risk factors associated with squamous cell carcinoma, or if you wish to schedule a consultation with one of our dermatologists, please contact our office today.