Get the Inside Scoop on the Types of Acne and How to Deal with Them!

Get the Inside Scoop on the Types of Acne and How to Deal with Them!

By; Agezi Igboko, FNP-ClImage of person with Acne Zoomed in to announce New Blog Post By Agezi Igboko, NP

Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, gender, and races. It is caused by the clogging of hair follicles with oil and dead skin cells, resulting in pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Acne can be a source of distress for those who suffer from it, as it can affect their physical appearance and self-confidence. Luckily, there are different types of acne, and knowing about them can help you understand the cause of your breakouts and how to deal with them. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of acne and provide some tips on how to manage them.

Comedonal Acne:

This type of acne appears as blackheads and whiteheads. It is caused by the buildup of excess oil and dead skin cells in the hair follicles, resulting in clogged pores. Comedonal acne is typically found on the forehead, chin, and nose area, and it is more common in people with oily skin. To treat comedonal acne, it is recommended to use gentle exfoliants, such as salicylic acid, topical retinoids  and to avoid using heavy moisturizers or hair products that can contribute to clogged pores.

Inflammatory Acne:

Inflammatory acne consists of red, swollen, and painful pimples. It is caused by the inflammation of the hair follicles due to the accumulation of oil and bacteria. Inflammatory acne can be exacerbated by stress, poor diet, and hormonal changes. To manage inflammatory acne, it is recommended to use products that contain antimicrobial properties like benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, or topical retinoids, as they can help reduce inflammation and prevent further breakouts.

Cystic Acne:

Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne, characterized by large, painful, fluid-filled cysts that can cause scarring. Cystic acne is caused by an overproduction of oil and bacteria that penetrate deep into the skin. Genetics and hormonal changes can also contribute to the development of cystic acne. To manage cystic acne, it is recommended to seek the advice of a dermatologist, who can prescribe oral antibiotics, spironolactone, or isotretinoin, a medication that reduces the production of oil in the skin.

Hormonal Acne:

Hormonal acne is caused by fluctuations in the hormonal balance in the body, primarily in women during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause. Hormonal acne typically appears around the chin and jawline area and can be characterized by large, painful cysts. To manage hormonal acne, it is recommended to use topical retinoids, spironolactone, or hormonal birth control pills, which can help regulate the production of hormones in the body.

Acne Mechanica:

Acne Mechanica is a type of acne that is caused by friction and pressure on the skin, typically from sports equipment, helmets, or tight clothing. It is more common in athletes and people who wear tight-fitting clothing. To manage acne mechanica, it is recommended to avoid wearing tight clothing and to use non-comedogenic products that will not clog pores.

Acne is a common skin condition that can affect people of all ages and genders. Knowing the different types of acne and understanding their causes can help you identify the best ways to manage your breakouts. Whether you have comedonal, inflammatory, cystic, hormonal, or acne mechanica, there are products and treatments that can help you achieve clear and healthy skin. When it comes to acne care, consult experts such as The Repaire Room. They can give you ideas on what treatment is best for your skin and that will heal your scars in no time. With the right care and attention, you can achieve radiant and beautiful skin that will boost your confidence and self-esteem in no time!

Meet Agezi Igboko, FNP-C

Meet our author, Agezi Igboko, FNP-C, a Dermatology Nurse Practitioner with 8+ years of RN and dermatology NP experience. Starting in a busy maternity unit, she transitioned to dermatology after completing a Post-Masters Certificate Program at Florida Atlantic University. Specializing in acne, eczema, and skin cancer, Agezi prioritizes personalized care and patient education. She currently practices out of our North Austin location, to schedule your visit with her click here.

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