Is The Topical Skin Lightening Agent Hydroquinine Safe?

Topical hydroquinone has been used for over 50 years to lighten dark areas on the skin such as age spots and melasma. “In some senses, Hydroquinine has become a standard for treating acne scars, hyperpigmentation and dyspigmentation on the skin,” says Dr. Miriam Hanson, board certified dermatologist and cosmetic skin care expert in Austin, Texas. “Whether used alone or in combination with other lightening agents like retinoids, a steroid, Kojic acid – the so called Kligman formula, it is a highly effective agent for lightening and bleaching the skin.”

1024px-Hydroquinone_ball_and_spokeIn 1982, the United States Food and Drug Administration(FDA) stated that creams that contain 1.5 to 2 percent hydroquinone were safe. However in 2006, the FDA reviewed all available data and decided that further studies are required on hydroquinone after researchers found that the product caused cancer in rats. Data also indicates that prolonged use of hydroquinone may lead to a condition known as ochronosis (a skin darkening disorder). Regardless of these observations, with its years of widespread use in the cosmetic and photography industries, there has never been a report of anyone developing cancer from hydroquinone.

Currently, the safety of hydroquinone is being evaluated by studies conducted by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) and researchers are working to answer the find out the safety of topical hydroquinone for skin.

Dos And Don’ts

Hydroquinone is still widely used, but a few precautions should be followed.

  • Pregnant women should avoid using products that contain hydroquinone unless directed by a physician.
    It is not known if hydroquinone is excreted in breast milk so should not be used women who are breastfeeding.
  • Products containing hydroquinone should only be applied to the area of the skin under treatment.
  • Never use products containing hydroquinone on children under 12 without the supervision of a medical professional.
  • Always follow all directions on the drug’s label.
  • Watch the treated area closely for any side effects. If redness, soreness or itching should occur, discontinue use and consult a physician.
  • Severe allergic reactions to hydroquinone are rare.
  • Never swallow products to that contain hydroquinone.

“Certainly, it is important for all patients to be comfortable with their skin care regimen and the products they are using.” Dr. Hanson notes that there are a variety of other skin ligthening options and chemical peels beyond hydroquinone that patients can also use.

Contact Us

Dr. Hanson treats medical and cosmetic patients with skin conditions and concerns at Sanova Dermatology. If you have any questions concerning hydroquinone, or other dermatologic issues, please contact us today.

Join Us 

googleplus FB twitter instagram yelp

We Are Proud Members Of:
Book Online

Latest Specials & Promotions

View All

Book appointment by

Choose your area

  • Baton Rouge

    6411 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 - (225) 303-9500
  • Lafayette

    1245 Camellia Boulevard, Lafayette, LA 70508 - (337) 839-2773
  • Bee Cave & Lakeway

    3944 RR 620 S. Bldg. 6, Bee Cave, TX 78738 - (512) 366-8568
  • Old Metairie

    701 Metairie Road, Metairie, LA 70005 - (504) 836-2050
  • Uptown

    3434 Prytania St., New Orleans, Louisiana 70115 - (504) 897-5899
  • Metairie

    111 Veterans Boulevard, Metairie, LA 70005 - (504) 838-8225
  • SBA Dermatology

    1900 Saint James Place, Houston, TX 77056 - (713) 850-0240
  • North Austin

    12319 North Mopac Expressway, Austin, Texas 78758 - (512) 837-3376
  • Central Austin

    3705 Medical Parkway, Austin, Texas 78705 - (512) 454-3781
  • Dripping Springs

    13830 Sawyer Ranch Road, Dripping Springs, TX 78620 - (512) 829-0009
  • Pflugerville

    1601 E. Pflugerville Parkway, Pflugerville, Texas 78660 - (512) 252-3700
  • Steiner Ranch

    5145 North FM 620 Rd, Austin, Texas 78732 - (512) 266-0007
  • Helyn Alvarez, MD

  • Daniel Barron, PA-C

  • Suzanne Bruce, MD

  • Daniel A. Carrasco, MD

  • Kristy Charles, MD

  • Ryan Couvillion, MD

  • Megan Couvillion, MD

  • Gretchen Donnes, PA-C

  • Leigh Ellen Eubanks, MD

  • Elizabeth Foley, DO

  • Natalie Gibson, PA-C

  • Miriam L. Hanson, MD

  • Alicia Haslauer, PA-C

  • Agezi Igboko, FNP-C

  • Haneen Issa, PA-C

  • Jennifer Jordan, PA-C

  • Ted Lain, MD, MBA

  • Adam J. Mamelak, MD

  • Sharon Meyer, MD

  • Lesley Ott, FNP-C

  • Melanie Pickett, MD

  • Jeffrey C. Poole, MD

  • Chad Prather, MD

  • Maria “Gabi” Prudhomme, FNP-C

  • Marcela Ramirez, FNP-C

  • Diana Reyes, PA-C

  • Israel Rodriguez, PA-C

  • Katharine Saussy, MD

  • Megan Shelton, MD

  • Candace Thrash, MD

  • Mamina Turegano, MD

  • Jennifer Vickers, MD

  • Micah Williams, PA-C

  • Laura Williams, MD